Supply chain implications of cargo handling and turnaround time of bulk carriers in ghana ports

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This research work investigates the relationship between cargo handling and turnaround time of bulk carriers in Ghana ports. The study analyzed the factors influencing cargo handling efficiency and its impact on the turnaround time of bulk carriers, with the objective of providing insights and iii recommendations to optimize port operations. A mixed-methods approach was employed. Firstly, a comprehensive literature review was conducted to understand the existing knowledge on cargo handling practices, turnaround time, and associated factors in port operations. This formed the foundation for developing a conceptual framework to guide the research. Quantitative data was collected through observations and analysis of cargo handling operations and turnaround times. Key performance indicators such as cargo handling speed, waiting times, berth utilization, and equipment availability were measured and analyzed. Additionally, qualitative data was obtained through interviews and surveys with port authorities, shipping agents, and other stakeholders involved in cargo handling processes. The qualitative data provided insights into the challenges and potential opportunities for improving cargo handling efficiency and reducing turnaround time. The findings of the research highlight several key factors that influence cargo handling and turnaround time of bulk carriers in Ghana ports. These include berth availability, port infrastructure, equipment reliability, workforce skills, customs and documentation procedures, and coordination among stakeholders. The analysis revealed that inefficient cargo handling practices, delays in customs clearance, and inadequate equipment maintenance contribute to longer turnaround times. Based on the findings, the research proposes a set of recommendations to optimize cargo handling and reduce turnaround time in Ghana ports. These include investments in modern cargo handling equipment, streamlining of customs and documentation processes, and training programs to enhance workforce skills. The conclusions drawn from this research emphasize the importance of efficient cargo handling practices in reducing turnaround time and improving port performance. The findings provide valuable insights for port authorities, shipping companies, and policymakers in Ghana to enhance cargo handling efficiency, reduce costs, and enhance competitiveness. By implementing the proposed recommendations, Ghana ports can improve their operational efficiency, attract more bulk carriers, and contribute to the economic growth of the country
A thesis submitted to the Department of Supply Chain And Information Systems, in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Master’s Degree in Logistics and Supply Chain Management.