The effect of Human Resource Management Practices on health and safety: A case study of the Ghana Health Service, Kumasi Metropolis

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The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of Human Resource Management (HRM) practices on health and safety, a case study of Ghana Health Service, Kumasi Metropolis. And the study will make recommendations to the Ghana Health Service to help staff in their quest to achieve quality service delivery to all. The research had the following objectives; to determine the human resource practices that impact on health and safety at Ghana Health Service (GHS), to assess staff knowledge of health and safety programmes in place at GHS, and to establish the effect of Health and Safety on employee commitment to work. The study reviewed literature on HRM practices such as training and development, information and communication, performance management and motivation in the literature review. In all, 200 employees of GHS were randomly selected from the six work posts to be participants of the study. A structured questionnaire in line with the study‘s objectives was administered to the participants. Out of the selected participants, 170 fully completed the survey‘s questionnaire. Basic descriptive statistics and linear regression models were employed to analyse the data gathered from the survey. Findings revealed that, staff who participated in the survey agreed to have had a good understanding on Health and Safety operations and they are updated regularly regarding Health and Safety. Findings also revealed that, Human Resource Management practices such as recruitment and selection, training and development and reward and compensation had significant influence on Health and Safety. Health and safety had very minimal influence on employees work commitment level. The study recommended the intensification of appropriate recruitment and selection practices since it had positive effect on Health and Safety. GHS must redesign its v operations on induction and orientation practices to cover all facets of Health and Safety. Ghana Health Service must ensure that staff are involved when designing and implementing Health and Safety programmes.
A thesis Submitted to the Department of Human Resource Management and Organizational Development, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology in partial fulfillment of the requirement for degree of MASTER OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION (HRM OPTION). 2014