The Relevance of Strategic Planning On Organizational Growth in the Public Sector: The Case Study of Ghana Shippers’ Authority

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The study sought to examine the relevance of strategic planning on organizational growth in the public sector. Business organizations operate in constantly changing and competitive environment. To survive, organizations must respond and adjust to the social, economic, and political environmental changes that occur. Unfortunately, in most organizations especially in the public sector, strategic plans are not carried out and implemented properly due to lack of appreciation and knowledge of the relevance of strategic planning on organizational growth. The question that arises is; why is strategic planning relevant to the growth of organizations in the public sector? To answer this question, 50 questionnaires were administered to 50 staff of the Ghana Shippers’ Authority, randomly selected from the Head office in Accra and Tema branch office. Microsoft Excel and simple statistical methods like frequency distribution tables and charts were used to analyze the data collected. The findings of the study revealed that, in the country organization in the public sector have seen the need to formulate and implement strategic plans. The process of formulation and implementation of strategic plans in the public sector is similar to the existing process of setting objectives, scanning, selecting strategies, implementation and evaluation in the private sector. The study found that organizations in the public sector face challenges in the implementation of their strategies due to long processes of approval by the approving authorities, the delay in release of funds, the shortage of skilled staff in some specialized areas, the lack of commitment from officials, strict adherence to procurement process. The findings of the study thus, lead to the overriding conclusion that strategic planning was relevant and had a positive impact on the growth of organizations in the public sector
A Thesis submitted to the Institute of Distance Learning, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Commonwealth Executive Masters of Business Administration,