Housing for urban middle and income earners - a proposal for Parakuo estates at Abladzei, Accra

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Housing is a basic necessity for people all over the world. The socio—cultural, economic, and political life of people revolve around it, be it in a developed country or in an underdeveloped country. The provision of decent housing is one of the major concerns of governments, from Africa, to Asia to the Americas, and despite decades of involvement of governments in solving their housing needs, the solution seem to evade us. This could be attributed to an endless number of factors, but one clear school of thought which seems to be emerging in the fact that houses built through government programmes do not necessarily meet the aspirations of the people. John Turner and Robert Fichter state in their book Freedom to Build that where dwellers are in control, their homes are better and chapter than those built through government programmes or large Corporations. This new thinking supports the notion of “housing as a verb” and reinforces the belief that, government involvement in housing should not be the production of “houses” but rather the creation of a viable and conducive political, economic and physical environment which will stimulate more people to invest private resources in the development of houses which catisfy their lifestyles, values and aspirations. In Ghana, the government has recognised and accepted this new thinking, and is therefore drawing up policies and strategies which will facilitate housing delivery by both private individuals and private commercial organisations like Real Estate developer. This involves a thorough review of constraints to housing delivery as well as the introduction of new favourable financial arrangements, so that private developers and individuals can deliver houses more cost-effectively.
A thesis submitted to the Board of Postgraduate Studies, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the award of Postgraduate Diploma in Architecture, 1991