Evaluating the impact of the National Youth Employment programme on job creation in Ghana

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Unemployment seems to have been a major cause of concern in most part of our world today. It is observed that Ghana as a country continues to battle with this age old challenge of creating jobs for many of her youth. The Ghanaian government has developed several policies and initiatives to address this challenge over the years with the introduction of the National Youth Employment Programme (NYEP) as one such initiative. Despite all these, there still remains very high youth unemployment rate in the country (25.6% rate recorded by the 2000 population and housing census).This research therefore seeks to evaluate how much the NYEP has impacted on creating jobs for the youth amidst high recorded rates of youth unemployment in the country. The study used both qualitative and quantitative methods to collect data from 130 respondents who were (4) management staff and (126) beneficiaries of the NYEP units from two selected District/Municipal Assemblies in Ghana. The study revealed an increasing rate of youth unemployment in Ghana despite the introduction of the NYEP. The findings further showed a low impact level of the programme as a result of numerous challenges such as low level of youth participation, inadequate funding, inability to sustain the programme and its beneficiaries, little government support, absence of a legal framework among others. From these, it was recommended that government works better on planning, implementing and evaluating more initiatives that helps to address youth unemployment. Above all, the impact of such initiatives needs to be driven towards youth entrepreneurship that aids sustainable livelihood and economic development.
A thesis submitted to the Department of Marketing and Corporate Strategy, School of Business, College of Humanities and Social Sciences in partial fulfilment of the requirement for the degree of Master of Business Administration (Strategic Management and Consulting Option).