Economic Burden of Tuberculosis (TB) in Ghana (Case of Western Region)

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The study looked at the estimation of the economic burden (direct cost, indirect cost and intangible cost) and household welfare impact of tuberculosis (TB) in the western region of Ghana. Studies into the economic burden of TB in Ghana have been limited. WHO’s (2002a) guidelines on cost and cost effectiveness of TB management were followed in the estimation of cost of TB from the patient/household and health provider perspectives. Human capital method was applied in the cost estimation. Wells-Riley model and multiple regression technique were employed in the estimation of the probability of transmission within households and the household welfare impact of TB. Results established that tuberculosis causes a significant deterioration in household income and welfare. The study also found that TB imposes various catastrophic economic costs on affected households and utilise considerable resources within the public health system. It is recommended that safety nets or income insurance be establish for households affected by TB to help cope with high economic burden and help patients fully complete treatment.
A thesis submitted to the Department of Economics, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the award of the degree of MASTER OF ARTS Faculty of Social Sciences,2012