Challenges Affecting the Effectiveness of Anti-Corruption Institutions in Ghana

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As corruption becomes increasingly sophisticated, the fight against it demands a well-integrated, multi-disciplinary strategy. Hence the establishment of anti-corruption institutions, agencies or commissions which invariably have one or more of three functions: investigation and enforcement; corruption prevention; and awareness and education. However in Ghana, irrespective of the existence of anti-corruption institutions, the perception of corruption has steadily increased to overwhelming levels. Why this increase in corruption in the face of these anti-corruption institutions? The study aimed at exploring the challenges that affect the effectiveness of these anti-corruption institutions in Ghana in their fight against corruption. A population of nine (9) anti-corruption institutions in the Ashanti Region was sampled and questionnaires administered. Relative importance, frequency and severity equations were used to analyze and rank the challenges affecting the work of these institutions. The study identified; insufficient resources, inappropriate staffing, lack of political will, lack of budget and fiscal autonomy, and unfavourable economic conditions as the top five (5) critical challenges anti-corruption institutions in Ghana face in their work against fighting corruption. It is recommended that government and other relevant stakeholders take the necessary steps to address these challenges so that anti-corruption institutions in the country can work effectively as it is expected.
A Thesis Submitted to the Department of Building Technology, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of a degree of Master of Science in Procurement Management, 2014