Factors Influencing Leadership and Teacher Performance in the Senior High Schools in the Ho Municipality of the Volta Region of Ghana

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This study investigates factors influencing leadership and teacher performance in the Senior High Schools (SHS) in the Ho municipality of the Volta Region of Ghana. In particular, it examines heads’ perceptions of those issues that affect the effective leadership of their schools. There is an international literature focusing on this area that has contributed to the study. However, many of the research findings in western contexts are invalid in the context of a developing nation such as Ghana. The research data was gathered using both qualitative and quantitative methods. Specifically, an interview with heads and teachers were conducted using semi-structured interviews and was analyzed using a thematic analysis approach. The research fieldwork was carried out in the Ho municipality in April, 2012. A total sample of 312 teachers and 10 heads and assistant heads were selected as participants. They were selected from three schools representing SHS in the Ho municipality. The key findings of the study identify a range of factors that influence leadership in schools. These included interpersonal and communication factor, intellectual and work management factor, people and work management factor, purposeful, inclusion and values driven factor and gender factor. Based on the findings identified in the study, recommendations were made on how to improve effective leadership in schools throughout Ghana. Of particular importance is the establishment of professional development programmes for both newly appointed and serving heads. Such programmes should enhance the leadership capacity of the principals in the schools and create a more conducive learning environment.
A thesis submitted to the Institute Of Distance Learning, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of COMMONWEALTH EXECUTIVE MASTERS OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION School of Graduate Studies, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology,