Development of substitutes for some graphic design tools and materials

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A critical examination of the falling standards in Graphic Design in particular, and Art in general, has revealed that conventional Art materials used in schools are getting more scarce and expensive of late. This has been a major contributing factor and it is the concern of the author to help find a solution to the problem. The aim of this project, therefore is to manufacture two sets of poster colours and a foot-rule (30cm) for use by Art students in Ghanaian schools. The first chapter refers to the materials required and the process of preparing the first set of poster colours. The second chapter discusses the various materials required and the various processes in the manufacture of a 12-inch rule (30cm) from bamboo. The third chapter discusses the extraction of colour pigments for the preparation of the second set of poster colours from vegetables. The fourth chapter also discusses the problems encountered, conclusion and recommendations. It has been found out that Ghana has the potential to manufacture most of the conventional materials from local resources, but we have been brain-washed to accept what is imported as “superior and discard or look down upon locally produced substitutes as winferiorn though they can equally match the former ones in most cases. This attitude has greatly affected research by individuals and industries into new inventions. Information for the project was obtained from the field, related project works by students, and pieces of advice from my supervisor and other friends. Illustrations have been provided to make the various materials easy to recognise and the processes of preparation easy to comprehend. It is the hope of the author that the research findings will go a long way to solve some problems art students do encounter in the study of the subject.
A thesis submitted to the Board of Postgraduate Studies, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, in partial fulfilment of the requirement for the award of Postgraduate Diploma in Art Education, 1992