An evaluation of needs assessment of flood victims by relief Organisations: the case of NADMO

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Global climatic and environmental changes are resulting in disasters of all kinds in recent years. As these disasters are increasing so are the resources channelled into managing them. There is therefore the need to ensure that the limited resources that go into humanitarian relief really go to meet the real needs of the victims. Doing this involves getting credible information on what is needed by disaster victims and acting accordingly. This is what needs assessment is all about. The research set out to study the September 2007 flood disaster that occurred in. Ghana with emphasis on the Northern Region. The work of the country’s National Disaster Management Organisation (Nadmo) was examined to see whether they carried out needs assessment and how they went about it. Data was collected from residents in some communities of Tamale through questionnaires while the Deputy Regional Coordinator in charge of operations was interviewed. The information gathered with the questionnaires was analysed using the Software Package for Social Science (SPSS) while data from the interview was analysed qualitatively. Damages and losses of victims was compared to relieves they got. Questions on needs assessment were screened to come out with findings and conclusions. The study revealed that though relief was given out, needs assessment was not carried out due to the absence of a national disaster management plan which would have included a needs assessment plan. This means that there is no needs assessment procedure in place and therefore relief is given out based on what they know as the needs of the people. Recommendations were made including that of the central government paying more attention to disaster management in the country.
A thesis submitted to the Board of Postgraduate Studies, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the award of the Degree of Master of Business Administration in Logistics and Supply Chain Management, 2008