Strategies for effective and efficient management of museums as resource for research and public education: (a case study of the Ghana National Museum)

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This is a critical study of the activities of the Ghana National Museum (Accra). It is a report and evaluation of managerial strategies being employed to achieve its stated objectives. The major aim of the study was based on how best the museums’ potentials as a repository of material culture could be employed to curb the undue influx or influence of foreign culture on the indigenous Ghanaian culture. The cultural objects of the museum, if well managed with effective and efficient managerial policies and practices both at micro and macro levels could in its part play an important role in reviving Ghanaian cultural orientation. The research examined the material culture in the matrixes of Ghanaian society, the main resources in the museum as of cultural, educational, research, and aesthetic significance. The study focussed mainly on the activities of the Ghana National Museum — Accra; (not on the Museum and Monument Board, generally). The research methods included a review of related literatures, personal interviews, discussions, observation, assessment and analysis of data. It was found that even though the museum was enjoying some patronage by the public and researchers both local and foreign, its impact as an agent, which seeks to instil the knowledge of material culture in the people, was not much felt. It was therefore recommended that the Museums and Monument Board be restructured, decentralized regionally and re-launch new strategies that will enhance effective and efficient management of resources. It was concluded on the note that potentials of the museum could be realized if greater attention is concentrated on dynamic, creative and integrated strategies.
A thesis submitted to the Board of Postgraduate Studies, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the Master of Philosophy Degree (Art Education), 2000