Plastics Recycling Plant - Tema

Thumbnail Image
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
Accra, the capital of the nation has been grappling with the issue or menace of plastic waste. Over the years, government has tried to rectify this problem through disposing the city’s waste at dump sites and landfill sites. This situation in no uncertain terms has led to no avail since government is unable to find a stable location for dumping the city’s waste due to poor planning or zoning of various areas over the years. There exists a clear manifestation of inappropriate siting of industrial facilities close to residential areas among others which pose long term effects on the inhabitants. A trip to areas found with a lot of plastic waste such as some streets, markets and lorry parks clearly shows the increasing need for government to take a closer look at this menace. Statistics have shown that in the next 20 years, the waste collected will shoot up from the current 1500 tonnes this year to 3166 tonnes per day cum an increase in the population from the current close to 2,000,000 people in 2009 to 4,523,203 in 2030. With the current population growth rate of 3.4 percent and an average waste generation rate of 0.7kg/cap/day, it is estimated that the waste generated in a few years will exceed the rate of collection. This has raised concerns by the current government on how to solve this situation. Research conducted in countries such as Finland and Norway have shown that recycling our waste, to be specific plastics which are the burgeoning sanitation menace in Accra and nationwide is not a choice but a necessity to resolve this predicament. In lieu of this, my design seeks to serve as the bridge to support the need for a total change in paradigm and status quo; as such opting for recycling of plastics. In line with the worrisome statistics, my design seeks to employ current trends in technology and equipment to ensure an efficacious plastic recycling system, hence blazing the trail for more private and public sector initiatives and support to help keep Ghana clean.
A thesis submitted to the Department of Architecture in Partial Fulfilment of the Requirements of the award of Post-Graduate Diploma in Architecture, May 2009.