Alcohol and drug rehabilitation center, Nyinahin

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Psychiatric rehabilitation is the second stage in mental health delivery. Ghana has three psychiatry hospital but no rehabilitation facility. Many of the homeless in our urban areas are ex-psychiatric in patients who receive little or no follow-up outpatient care. There is need for supportive housing and/or treatment facilities for ex-psychiatric patients. There is also a great need for effective treatment of drug addiction and alcoholism. The genesis of drug and alcohol addiction is the perception as being a social and moral problem instead of been clinical sickness. Developing countries face many challenges in trying to establish and offer psychiatric rehabilitation services. Many of these countries cannot commit to health the minimum of US$12 per capita recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO) and also face severe human resource constraints, making the running of a Western style psychiatric rehabilitation service virtually impossible, few established are more like prison in disguise. Ghana as developing country cannot boast of alcohol and drug rehabilitation through abuse of these drugs is sky rocketing and its adverse effecting is visibly devastating. Successive Government has over the years turn blind eye to the implementation of the mental bill. Added to this, is the phenomenon of ex-psychiatric patients relapsing due to absence of psychiatry after care (rehabilitation centre).also there is the absence of community intergeration; hence mentally-ill patients are stigmatized Mentally-ill patients and facilities that accommodate them are of two conflicting of thought within psychiatry fraternity, the traditionalist who recommends institutionalization of mentally-ill (secluded from the society). The other approach which is out-patient system blends both medical and community integration to help the mentally-ill patient recover to their normal state. Basically, the later approach is much efficient and medically proven. This project seeks to bridge these conflicting schools of thought in psychiatry accommodate and help establish conducive standards to help provide a therapeutic environment for people with mental and drug addiction problems.
A design thesis report submitted to the department of architecture of the Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the postgraduate diploma in architecture