The Determinants of Employee Motivation in the Shama District Assembly in the Western Region-Ghana.

Thumbnail Image
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
The study was to identify the effect of motivation on the productivity of the staff of the Shama District Assembly. In all, fifty respondents were selected randomly from the population of one hundred and forty. A questionnaire of forty closed and opened ended questions were administered to them and the answered questionnaires were collected and analysed for the study. The results of the study showed that, various forms of motivation were identified to exist at the District Assembly which includes trust, respect and high expectation, staff development, praise and recognition, good accommodation, rewards, staff participation in goals and targets setting, job design and these did motivate them to improve productivity. Again, the study revealed that large number of staff did not participate in goals and targets setting. Moreover, bonuses, car loans and rent allowances if available would motivate the staff to improve productivity. In addition, the study revealed that staff of the Assembly agreed that the presence of the needs identified by Maslow (1954) would motivate them to improve productivity. However, the findings of the study did show that their need levels did not correspond with that of Maslow’s (1954) hierarchy of needs. The study also revealed that, good working environment, promotion, job security, appropriate disciplinary actions and interpersonal relationship gave the staff job satisfaction whereas their salary as it stands now did give them job dissatisfaction. Finally, the study recommended that Management of Shama District Assembly should try and include bonuses, car loans and rent allowance, accommodation facilities since the study revealed that such motivational forms when provided would help improve staff productivity. Also Management should identify the individual needs of their staff and satisfy them accordingly. Again, Management should try and improve the salary level of staff since they were dissatisfied with it and also engage staff if not all, most of them in goals and target setting for the Assembly.
A Thesis submitted to the Institute of Distance Learning, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Commonwealth Executive Masters of Business Administration,