Public - private partnership in urban sanitary services delivery: a case study of Kumasi Metropolitan Assembly

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All countries in the world over face financial constraints in their efforts at sustaining the provision of social infrastructure and service. The situation is, however, more disturbing in Sub-Saharan Africa. Most post independent governments of Africa continued with a development philosophy of central government control and “government, alone can do it all”. This has had far reaching negative consequences on the provision of both technical and social infrastructure. Consequently, in many countries in Sub-Saharan Africa, and for many years the bulk of the responsibilities of financing and providing infrastructure has however, been with the public sector. The realization that the civil society, including non-governmental organizations and for- the-profit sector are important partners in development, are of recent philosophies and strategies. As such, governments of this region are vigorously adopting the public-private partnership to share development roles and task to provide efficient services and infrastructure. Against this background, the study was set to investigate the cost savings achieved by the Kumasi Metropolitan assembly in privatizing the solid waste management in the city of Kurnasi. The study reveals that the contracting out arrangement applied under the public-private partnership of privatizing solid waste did not result in any meaningful cost savings. However, the limited application of franchise arrangement appears to hold a higher potential of cost savings to the assembly. Based on the foregoing findings the author finally recommends strategies that are necessary for private sector involvement in solid waste management and suggests for further studies an assessment of the output of the house-to house waste collection operators and the cost burden on the house hold income and the metropolis.
A Thesis Submitted to the School of Graduate Studies, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology Kumasi in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Degree of Master of Science in Development Policy and Planning , 2004