Comparative study of guidance and counselling at Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology and Ashesi University College

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This study was carried out to compare guidance and counselling services provided by public and private Universities’ in Ghana, using Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology (KNUST)and Ashesi University College (AUC) as case studies. The study involved comparingthe number of counsellors andtheiragencies that play a part in students’ counselling in both universities. It also examined the objectives, policies, and approaches they adaptto counsel and guide students to maximise their potentials, how counsellors assist students to overcome the obstacles and pressures of life, the study also compared the attitudes of KNUST and AUC students to the programmes organized by their respectiveguidance and counselling units. The study adopted the qualitative research method with interview and questionnaire administration to identify the guidance and counselling units and agencies, their objectives, policies and approaches outlined to improve education and career attainment.The study was limited to undergraduate students,using320 male and female students from KNUST and 95male and female students from AUCrespectively for detailed study. SPSS 16 (2007 edition) was employed for analysing the data collected. Findings from the study indicated that both institutionshave instituted guidance and counselling units to address the immediate and future needs of their students to ensure academic excellence by their students. The study further showed that KNUST and AUCguidance and counselling units work in collaboration with other internal and external agencies to support students through. The approach by the Ashesi career department was such that it allowed Ashesi studentseasy access to their guidance and counselling services. At KNUST,the guidance and counselling approach and delivery was not motivating enough, neither did the counselling approach restrict students from fully participating in the unit’s programmes and services;this has to do with the programmeawareness, delivery time and location. It is recommended that findings from the study would improve the approaches and services of the guidance and counselling units at KNUST and otherpublic and private universities in order to guide students.
A thesis submitted to the School of Graduate Studies, in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Philosophy in Art Education, 2013