The effect of labour-intensive road construction on the success of road works in Ghana

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The labour based Technology approach in road construction has been in existence since 1986 and responsible for (1) improving rural accessibility, (2) increasing the construction capacity, and (3) Creating rural employment. This method of road construction has faced a lot of challenges over the years. This research sought to identify the effect of labour based road construction on the success of road works in Ghana. Questionnaires were designed and administered to Clients (technical staff of the Department of Feeder Roads and Highways in Northern Region), Staff of the Construction. The questionnaires sought the views of the respondents on whether labour based construction has desirable effects on success of road works in Ghana. Descriptive statistics and Relative Importance Index were used to analyse and quantify the extent of the identified impacts and challenges of LBT for road construction as perceived by the Technical staff. Respondents believed that indeed more human capacity was engaged in the LBT and thereby cost less expensive to adopt this technology in road construction. The results again showed that all the identified impacts of LBT in road construction had an effect on the standard of living in the communities. Rural employment generation was the most prevalent identified impacts.The assessment of the challenges of LBT for road construction, of which Labour management was dominant, is also discussed, which has been a major setback in the road construction sector is the most prevalent challenge.
A thesis submitted to the Department of Construction Technology and Management, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the Award of the Master of Science
labour-intensive, road construction, Ghana