Relationship between Single Parenting and Academic Performance Of adolescents In Senior High Schools: A Case Study of Afigya Sekyere District in Ashanti Region

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The phenomenon of single parenting is not only a social problem in individual countries which they abound but has become a global issue which can deprive many school children the opportunity to attain academic excellence now and excellent labor factor for national productivity and progress. The central theme of this study is on integrating the urgent need of adolescent cognitive development and intellectual outcomes in a background of parental divorce/marital dissolution which commonly bring about single parenting. The study used an exploratory research design to investigate the relationship between single parenting and academic performance among secondary school students in Afigya Sekyere East District of the Ashanti Region. A social survey was conducted using questionnaire as the tool for data collection. The data collected were analyzed quantitatively using descriptive statistics and multiple regressions to explore patterns of association among variables. The result of the study revealed that academic performance and single parenting are negatively related, hence the more cases of single parenting the poorer the academic performance. It is therefore recommended that, law courts and social agencies such as churches should discourage divorce and separation at all cost. Schools can also devise special teaching strategies to meet the needs of the students who are raised up by single parent.
A thesis submitted to the School of Graduate Studies, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology in partial fulfilment of the requirement for the award of Master of Arts in Sociology, December-2013