Teacher motivation and quality education delivery: a study of public basic schools in Tamale Metropolis in Ghana

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In the past three years, Ghana had witnessed frequent industrial strikes on the labour front by teachers following lack of motivation in the profession. The issue of low quality delivery of education as manifested in basic education certificate examination (BECE) results have also become a serious matter of concern to all stakeholders in the country’s education. The study aimed at examining the relationship between teacher motivation and delivery of quality education in public basic schools in the Tamale metropolis of Ghana.It also soughtto find out what motivates people to choose teaching as their profession; the best incentive that can increase teachers motivation to be committed to their work; the motivation level of teachers in the Tamale Metropolis especially in the last three years; to ascertain factors accounting for lack of quality delivery of education and identify measures that can be used to improve quality education. Stratified random sampling method was used to select 20publicbasic schools with both primary and junior high schools from urban and peri-urban areas and 216 respondents from these schoolsthrough simple random sampling method. Self administered questionnaires and simple observation were the methods employed for data collection from a sample of 216 teachers and head teachers who were selected fromthe schools, for a thorough analysis of the relationship between teacher motivation and quality education delivery in the Tamale metropolis of Ghana. Relevant data obtained were analyzed quantitatively using both descriptive and inferential statistics.Besides, thedata generated were subjected to the chi-square test statistics to answer research questions raised in the study. Results of the first hypothesis showed a significant relationship between teacher motivation and quality education delivery. On the other hand, the test results of the second hypothesis did not show any significant difference in terms of teacher motivation, between urban teachers and peri-urban teachers in the metropolis. Also, results of the data analysis suggested that the majority of teachers decided to join the service because of the interest they have in teaching. Despite their interest, it was also revealed that the level of motivation among teachers in the metropolis was very low. Inadequate Core Textbooks (PCTBR), lack of enough furniture and library facilities, insufficient classrooms among others were factors responsible for low quality education delivery in the metropolis. It is therefore recommended among others that the living and working conditions of teachers need to be improved to regain recognition and respect from the society. Again, opportunity for career advancement should be made simple for teachers to upgrade their professional knowledge and skills; there is a need for effective supervision of teacher; adequate TLMs need to be provided to schools on time; scholarship should be given to teachers’ children to motivate them to be committed to their work.
A Thesis submitted to the Department of Sociology and Social Work, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Arts in Sociology, April-2012