An investigation into the performance of Ghanaian construction project teams

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November, 2015
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Increasingly, project teams in the construction industry are usually established as soon as new project start. This is done to meet today’s competition and customer expectations. A project is said to be successful when it meets all the project objectives; time, cost and quality. To ensure that the project meets its objectives, construction project team must perform successfully and very effectively. Creation of a very effective project team will yield a successful project outcomes that will surpass the project requirement and achieve overall success. This study aimed to assess the performance of Ghanaian construction project teams by identify the construction project team characteristics, factors that constitute the project team performance measurement and measure the project team performance base on the team performance measures. To achieve this an extensive literature research was carried out to identify the characteristics and the factor that determines the performance of project teams. Eighty (80) construction project team characteristics and a forty (40) factors of project team performance measurement were identified. Quantitative research methods were adopted for this study, of which are survey questionnaire were used to solicit data from the ongoing and newly completed construction project in the tertiary institution in Ashanti region. Sixty – four (64) questionnaires were retrieve out of Seventy (70) distributed. The data collected was analyzed using statistical package for social sciences (SPSS), which include relative importance and factor analysis. Also a project was selected as a case study to measure the performance of the project team. The study revealed that performance of project team members is very vital to the overall performance of the project team and project success as a whole having a mean score of 4.151 on the ranking of the seven (7) main factors of project performance measurement identified. This means that the higher the performance of project team members, the higher the project realizing its success. Secondly, every vi effective project team must inherent certain unique characteristics to be able to perform effectively. Fourteen (14) common characteristics identified in the Ghanaian construction project team, some are; Good working relationship among team members, Concern for team members because taking good care of the team members, Effective motivation systems for team members, Concern for each other member of the team, Setting of achievable goals for the teams, Subgroups are incorporated into the team. The overall team performance of the selected project was found to be 66.86%. The study revealed that performance of the individual project team members is very vital to the performance of the construction project team as well as it vital to every project success. The outcomes from this study are anticipated to assist the top management and project team leadership to increase their knowledge on project team characteristics and factors that contribute to team performance measurement.
A thesis submitted to the Department of Building Technology, College of Art and Built Environment, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the Degree of Master of Science in Construction Management.