Effective leadership and motivation in promoting high employee performance – a case study of the Environmental Protection Agency

Thumbnail Image
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
The study focused on the contributions of leadership and motivation to effective performance in an organisation with particular reference to the Environmental Protection Agency of Ghana (EPA). The study sought to determine the types of leadership styles and motivation skills required by managers to impact positively on the performance of employees. The sample size for the study was 60 respondents made up of 28 managers and 32 subordinates. Simple random sampling, convenience sampling and purposive sampling methods were used and the instrument used was the questionnaire method. It was found that leadership within EPA is basically transactional since task is mostly accomplished by employees who follow instructions without any argument and communication in the organisation is closed. The study also found that respondents ranked monetary compensation or remuneration first among eleven factors of motivation. The study recommended that decision making needs to be shared between managers and employees for effective performance, that there should always be self-examination by managers and that any job design efforts should have inputs from junior staff. It was suggested that further studies should be carried out to include other theories and aspects of leadership and motivation.
A Thesis to the Institute of Distance Learning, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology in partial fulfilment for the degree of Commonwealth Executive Master Of Business Administration.