Le feminisme dans en votre nom et au Mien D’aminata Maiga-Ka

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Our work is a study of feminism through Aminata MAIGA-KA’s novel, En votre nom et au mien. Since the advent of female writers, the image of African women in African literature has had a major transformation. Female African writers have used literature in their fight to liberate the African woman from subjugation by their own African people. In Africa, men are considered more important than women. In the past, the African woman had no right to vote. She could not choose her own husband. She had no right to formal education. She had to obey orders from men. She had to keep quiet during family decision-making process. Indeed, the African woman was compared to a child, a slave, an orphan or a blind person. Often, the African woman was relegated to the background in all things. She was the one who prepared food, fetched water, searched for firewood and did the sweeping. Men did not do female duties. The reason was that men were considered the head of the family. It was men who decided what should be done and what should not be done. But since the year 1960, women writers and some male writers have made efforts to sensitize the world about the suffering of women with the aim of encouraging their emancipation. Aminata Maiga-Ka, the author of the novel, En votre nom et au mien which is the main reference of our research, is among the writers who are fighting against the bad condition of women. She is fighting for Senegalese women in particular and African women in general. Through her literary work, Aminata Maiga-Ka is calling for a change in attitude and for reforms to place men and women at par. This change of attitude is necessary considering the fast transformation of our society and the way everything is taking a different dimension. Consequently, cultural and traditional practices which perpetually make women dependent on men should be reformulated for the well-being of women.
A thesis presented to the Department of Modern Languages in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Mphil-French. 2015