Earned value management practices in the District Assemblies (MMDA’S)

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The success of every construction project depends heavily on the effectiveness and prudent application of project management tools. The purpose of project management is to foresee or predict as many of the dangers and problems as possible and to plan, organize and control activities so that projects are completed successfully in spite of all the risks. This substantiate the need for an effective project management tool. The main purpose of this study was to assess the application of Earned Value Management practices among Municipal and District Assemblies in Ghana with the focus on Hohoe Municipal Assembly. The study specifically, looked at Earned Value Management Systems awareness levels, other project management tools used aside EVM and finally, the challenges and problems hindering the practice of EVM. In other to achieve these objectives the researcher adopted survey design approach for the study, using quantitative methods and research questionnaire as data collection instrument. A total of sixty-seven respondents were sampled across different areas of expertise using non-probability sampling technique. Using the Relative Important Index (RII) analysis findings from the study revealed that, majority of respondents were unaware of the Earned Value Management practices as a project management tool, representing eighty-five point one percent of the sampled population, this was attributed to lack of training and formal education on the application of EVMS. On the usage of other project management tools by the Municipal Assembly‟s aside EVM, findings revealed that, a significant number of respondents use Work Breakdown Structure (WBS) ranked first (1st) using Relative Important Index (RII) of ninety-eight point two percent, the second most familiar project management tool was the Line of Balance (LOB) with an (RII) of eighty-nine point five percent etc. finally, findings revealed that, the challenges facing the application process of EVM were lack of expertise and experience of staff, political interference, level of professionalism, corruption among others. Based on these findings the researcher recommends efforts should be made to abandoned political infiltration into project management at MMDAS to help them implement effective project management tools that will ensure value for money on every government project commissioned.
A thesis submitted to the Department of Construction Technology and Management, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the award degree of Master of Science in Construction Management.
Project Management, Construction Project, Earned Value Management