Educational Videos in Teaching And Learning: Attitudes and Perceptions of Students and Lecturers in the Faculty of Art, Knust.

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Video as a multimedia is one of the most important learning media that presents a visually stimulating learning environment. This gives learners the opportunity to understand and memorize information better. However, most teachers give less attention to the relevance of using educational videos in their lessons. Several lecturers at the Faculty of Art, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi seem to be more comfortable with the traditional classroom method of teaching as it is the most commonly and widely used method in Ghanaian schools. This is because not much have been done to create the awareness and to help teachers in integrating educational videos into their classroom lessons. As such, only a few of them occasionally use this vital educational resource in their lessons. This study therefore aimed at creating awareness of the relevance of educational videos in teaching and learning with the following objectives: to assess the attitudes and perceptions of students and lecturers in the Faculty of Art, KNUST regarding the usage of educational videos in teaching and learning, to find out how educational videos impact students’ learning and to propose a model for using educational videos in teaching. Both quantitative and qualitative data were collected using online questionnaires and structured interviews respectively. A Stratified random sample of 301 students and a purposive sample of 5 lecturers responded to the questionnaire and the interviews respectively. Data obtained were analyzed using descriptive statistics for the questionnaire and thematic discussions for the interviews. According to the findings, students see videos as some sort of motivation which help them in their learning activities whiles the lecturers also see it as teaching aids that help them to explain concepts better to their students. In all, the remarks on video as a medium that can be used to complement classroom instructions were encouraging. Majority of the participants were of the view that the videos they watched impacted their learning positively and enhanced their learning approaches as well. Therefore, it is believed that the learning outcomes of students could be improved by instructors through the use of educational videos as a major aspect of the general educational process. As such, the study has proposed a model that can serve as a guide to aid lecturers to effectively use educational videos as part of classroom instruction in the Faculty of Art, KNUST.
A thesis submitted to the Department of Educational Innovations in Science and Technology, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF PHILOSOPHY IN ART EDUCATION