Exploring the Potential of Azadirachta Indica Extracts for Preservation of Sympodial Bamboo

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Due to the high amount of starch and sugar in the Bambusa vulgaris, it makes it easy for pests, fungi, borers and other biodegrading organisms to attack the bamboo making it less durable and unattractive for production of any artifact by the local craftsmen. (Baah, 2001). Bamboo is a renewable natural resource that is woody, precious, physically powerful and exceptionally fast- growing grass. Bamboo plays an important role in the world‘s economy; however, in Ghana, most bamboo industries use chemical preservative which are toxic example dusban, an imported and expensive product for the preservation of bamboo which has ripping effects on the users of bamboo products and the environment as a whole. Ghana Standard Board and other environmental protection agencies are preaching for the use of biological and organic means of preservation of bamboo and other woody materials so as to protect our lives and planet earth. Neem plant (Azadirachta indica), as some people call the ―the village pharmacy‖ because of its ability to treat certain illnesses in both humans and animals, again as pesticides and mosquito repellant. This study has experimented the potential of neem leave extracts in the production of preservative in preserving Bambusa vulgaris in Ghana coupled with other traditional methods of preserving bamboo and also to make it environmentally friendly method of preservation.
A thesis submitted to the School of Graduate Studies, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF PHILOSOPHY IN INTEGRATED ART (BAMBOO AND RATTAN TECHNOLOGY)