Evaluating efficient supply chain management on sustainable supply chain in the cocoa sector: the moderating effect of top management support

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Efficient Supply Chain Management (SCM) has presently become a crucial strategy adopted by many firms and organisations to remain competitive within their respective sectors and as well to continue to be profitable and therefore has been identified as a significant phenomenal component of trade which is a crucial aspect of economic development and activities. With supply chain disruptions impeding the flow of products, hampering firms’ abilities to produce their goods as well as adversely impacting on the performance of a supply chain, this study aims at examining the effect efficient supply chain management practices have on sustainable supply chain with a moderation effect of top management. The study with the adoption of a quantitative research method, employed a convenience sampling to selected 10 cocoa companies in the Kumasi metropolis of the Ashanti Region and then, a simple random sampling technique to arrive at surveying 167 staff members of the selected companies. Through the utilization of SPSS, the study revealed that the cocoa companies adopted the following efficient supply chain practices in their operations; information technology, relationship management, and internal integration. Analysis revealed a significant and positive relationship between efficient supply chain practices and sustainable supply chain. Results further indicates that top management has a positive and significant moderation effect on the relationship between efficient supply chain practices and sustainable supply chain. Study revealed that some of the challenges affecting the adoption and implementation of supply chain practices are companies lack professional expertise, and lack frequent Supply Chain Management training among others. The study recommends that in light of the challenges identified, workshops and seminars should be organized for the workers to help enlightened them on the challenges and how they can be mitigated.
A research thesis submitted to the institute of distance learning, Kwame Nkrumah university of science and technology in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of a master of science degree in logistics and supply chain management