Appraising effectiveness in defence procurement of works: a case of Ghana Armed Forces

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There is a growing quest for effectiveness and efficiency in the Public Procurement of military equipment, works and or services in the Ghana Armed Forces. The purpose is to create value for money and promote good governance whiles ensuring accountability for the national interest. Defence procurement is quite capital intensive which includes a wide range of contract arrangements. Such procurement undertaking if not done with openness, transparency and fairness create perception and agitation among various stakeholders’ especially civil societies which are becoming a powerful force in current democratization. Furthermore, the core objectives of the Public Procurement Act that is ensuring value for money and promoting competiveness within tendering processes are mostly overlooked when it comes to defence procurement. The objective of this study therefore was to the appraise effectiveness of defence procurement practices of the Ghana Armed Forces. The specific objectives such as to determine legislative provision or clauses that exempt defence procurement activities from public scrutiny, challenges, and possible strategies for improving defence procurement performance were explored in the study. A sample size of eighty, (80) from the sample frame was used. Questionnaires were used as research instrument to collect data for analysis. The data were analysed using one-sample t-test and descriptive statistics in which the mean values were determined and ranked accordingly. It was found that there were no exemption clauses or sections of the act that barred the procurement activities of the Ghana Armed Forces (GAF) from professional adherence to public procurement guidelines and need to be more competitive. Besides, this research found that defence procurement is challenged by technical issues. It is also complex and costly and lacks some level of transparency. To improve performance, recommendations were made to be incorporated into the GAF defence procurement practices whiles improving public procurement in Ghana.
A thesis submitted to the Department of Building Technology, College of Art and Built Environment, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the Degree of Master of Science in Procurement Management.