The impact of project management on sustainable construction in Ghana

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The construction industry has been evolving considerably over the years with an increase in creative structures which require higher technological methods for their construction. It has also however become necessary to develop sustainable means of constructing these structures to enable them fit into the ecological, social and economic needs of the communities in which the structures are situated which forms the basis of this study to search into the sustainable development concepts adopted by construction companies in the Greater Accra region of Ghana during the first three phases of the project management life-cycle, namely; the Initiating Phase, the Planning Phase and the Execution Phase. The general methodology of this submission is relied largely on survey questionnaire which were received from professionals within the construction industry. A thorough literature review was initially conducted to identify the various concepts of sustainable development. A total of 28 questionnaire was distributed to construction professionals such as Project Managers, Quantity Surveyors, Structural Engineers and Site Supervisors which received a hundred percent response rate. The Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS version 16.0) together with Microsoft Excel was used for the analyzing the data. From the study, it is discovered that although there is a lot of consideration given to sustainable development during the Initiating phase of projects, these considerations tend to reduce as the projects progresses through the Planning and Execution phases. The study recommends that a proper assessment of sustainable development needs be carried out for each project and the need to include all stakeholders during the planning of the projects.
A dissertation submitted to the Department of Construction Technology and Management, College of Art and Built Environment in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Degree of Master of Science.
Sustainable development, Construction, Project Management