The role of project managers in minimizing project delays in Ghana

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In Ghana the construction industry is seen as one of the key donors to the economy of the nation. Despite the several achievements of the industry, the construction sector cannot boast completely about it success because of some of its issues of delays and cost overruns. Therefore, the main aim of the study was to investigate the role of project managers in minimizing project delays in construction. The study achieved its aim with the help of the various objectives: to find out the causes of delays in construction projects, to examine the role of project managers in minimizing project delays in construction, and lastly to identify the benefits of minimizing project delays through the involvement of project managers. A quantitative research approach was employed for this study and data was developed by the use of questionnaires which was administered to the respondents. The data was analyzed using the Mean score ranking and the Relative Importance Index (RII). The purposive sampling technique was used in selecting the respondents who were project managers and other construction professionals from the D1K1-D4K4 construction firms and base on sampling technique chosen. Questionnaire was administered to sixty (60) respondents and those returned were fifty-two (52), the researcher used this data in conducting the study. From the first objective, the main causes of project delays were: Lack of funds to finance the project to completion, Late deliveries of materials, Lack of effective communication among contracting parties, and the fourth one was the Lack of proper planning and the second objective also presented the main roles of project managers as: Good practice in planning, scheduling, coordination, and the management of good control procedure by managers, Project manager should ensure effective working hours and the third important role was Managers should ensure early correct forecasting to curb on necessary time loss. The research also went further into the third objective which also presented the main benefits of reducing project delays as: Good relationship between clients and contractor, Limitation in the occurrence of cost overruns and also the Possibility of early project completion. All the other elements were also rated by the respondents. The research helped in bringing into light how essential it is to minimize project delays in the construction industry.
A thesis submitted to the Department of Construction Technology and Management, College of Art and Built Environment, in partial fulfillment of the requirement for Degree of Master of Science.
project managers, minimizing project delays