An assessment of Cost Control Practices for construction projects by MMDAS in Ghana

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November, 2019
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Metropolitan, Municipal and District Assemblies (MMDAs) form an essential part of the development process in Ghana under the Local Government Services since as they serve a division of the general population at the Lower Government Decentralization Policy. Development and infrastructure projects play significant roles of the function of the MMDAs who have to depend on the governmental, donors and internal generated funding for their project activities. As a fact, such funding is not unlimited, it is always important to ensure that there is always the need for cost control practices of construction projects undertaken by the MMDAs. Thus, this study assessed MMDAs in Ghana regarding their efficiency in cost control practices for construction projects. The study used purposive sampling to target the Works Department of the MMDAs in the Central Region of Ghana. Respondents were presented with the structured questionnaire for collecting primary data. A total of 100 questionnaires were distributed. 88 questionnaires were received, giving a success rate of 88%. The data was analysed using descriptive statistics and mean score ranking. In achieving the first objective which was to determine what are the practices for cost control of construction projects, works programme and consistent works inspection as the most significant and ranked detailed estimation as the most tool identifiable. With the second objective, which was to determine the effectiveness of the cost control practices in delivering projects to set performance standards, respondents ranked detailed works programme as the most effective. With the challenges associated with the use of the cost control practices as the third objective, respondents ranked control project changes as very negative. The study also recommended MMDAs to invest in training of staff in the most current practices in cost control for delivery of their construction projects.
A Thesis submitted to the Department of Construction, Technology and Management, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi in partial fulfilment of the requirement for the degree of Master of Science in Construction Management.
Cost control, construction projects, MMDAs