Impact of relocating utility services during road construction: the management of issues when they arise.

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November, 2016
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Road construction involve huge capital outlay, usually, tax payers’ money (be it donor funded or government funded). Thus prudence is required in its usage. This can be done by ensuring that road projects are designed and implemented efficiently with no extra costs and delays. Utilities present on a right-of-way is one source of additional cost and delay to project implementation, since relocation is often required. This research aimed at analyzing the impact of utility services relocation have on road construction. The research objectives were: to identify challenges of managing utility relocations in road projects, to examine the impact level of utility relocation on road projects and to examine the relationship of time slippage, change orders and cost overruns of road projects with utility relocations. The research made use of structured questionnaire survey and desk study of selected road projects. The statistical tools used in the analysis comprised descriptive statistics, One-Sample T test and Relative Importance Index. Findings of the study indicated that average cost increment on utility budget due to utility relocation was 117%, while time slippage level averaged 17.14%. The study recommends the establishment of strong and supportive institutions, effective coordination and communication among stakeholders, legal and regulatory framework on right of way management, investment in technological tools and softwares and the use of design – build method of contracting.
A Thesis submitted to the Department of Building Technology, College of Art and Built Environment in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Science,
road agencies, utilities, road construction, right of way management, Utility relocation,