The Labour Act 2003, Act 651 and Organized Labour Strikes: Case Study of Ghana Medical Association

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The purpose of the study was to assess GMA’s understanding of the Labour Act and determine the challenges they face with regards to the right to strike. The study also analyzed the various procedures GMA adopts before proceeding on strikes and drew attention to the need to review certain aspects of the Labour Act 2003 (651) on strikes. Convenience sampling and purposive sampling techniques were adopted for the study. Both primary and secondary sources of data were employed. Questionnaires and interviews were used to collect data for the study. The collected data was presented and analyzed using tables and graphs through the help of Microsoft Excel. Based on the research conducted, it was revealed that both the executives and members of GMA do not have adequate understanding of the Labour Act 2003 (Act 651). It was also revealed that the two main causes of industrial disputes between GMA and its employers are demand for allowance and demand for increase in wages. The study also showed that GMA goes through the processes of negotiation and arbitration before embarking on strike actions. The study also showed that GMA wants to be given the right to strike like other unions and that certain parts of the Labour Act 2003 (Act 651) should be reviewed. It was therefore recommended that a voluntary or compulsory orientation should be given to all union members; especially the leaders of GMA, in the Labour Act 2003, (Act 651) to help them understand and appreciate the laws governing their employment. It was also recommended that the Labour Act 2003, (Act 651) should be reviewed to specify clearly the consequences of strike actions by GMA in order to control the regular strike actions by the health sector.
A thesis submitted to the Department of Managerial Science, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Business Administration (HRM Option), 2012