A cost benefit analysis of pay as you dump waste management programme by the Kumasi metropolitan assembly

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August, 2015.
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This study generally sought to examine the cost benefit analysis of the pay as you dump waste management program practiced by the Kumasi Metropolitan Assembly (KMA). The research method used was descriptive. The population of households within the Asokwa Metropolitan area is estimated at 140,161. Out of this number, 200 households were sampled in addition to 4 waste collectors. Both primary and secondary sources of data were harnessed for the study. The main sampling technique used was cluster and purposive sampling. In ascertaining the effects of pay as you dump on household waste generation, the results indicated that, pay as you dump policy forced households to reduce volume of waste generated. The study also found that, lack of waste segregation on the part of households was a major challenge for waste collectors in addition to the fact that huge proportions of plastic waste form part of the total waste generated and collected. Poor Street naming in the community was also identified as a challenge. In view of the above, it is recommended that, District Assemblies ensure transparency in the way revenue generated from pay as you dump system is used. There is also the need for strict enforcement of by-laws on sanitation to compel households to change their attitude. Even though, the National Sanitation Day exercise is a good initiative, it would lose its value if people are not educated on the need to clean their immediate environs.
A thesis submitted to the Department of Accounting and Finance, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the award of Master of Business Administration (Finance option)