Productivity improvement of unskilled labour on construction sites: the perspective of skilled labour at Accra Polytechnic Sites.

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Unskilled labour productivity on construction sites is highly needed and improving their output is a vital performance measure needed to enhance the efficiency and effectiveness of the construction industry. Thus, the study aimed to determine measures for improving unskilled labour productivity on construction sites from the perspective of skilled labourer. A questionnaire survey was conducted among building contractors who were working on Accra Polytechnic sites were selected to solicit information pertaining improvement of unskilled labour productivity. The data collected was analysed quantitatively, using the Relative Importance Index (RII). The findings revealed that, lack of education, poor health of the workers, ignorance of safety precautions and psychological needs were some of the factors affecting their output. Again, employee motivation, employee training, communication and job satisfaction were the key variables to improve unskilled labour productivity on construction sites. It was recommended that, education and training sessions should be organized frequently and job security to enhance the productivity of unskilled labourers on construction sites making them more effective and efficient in terms of productivity improvement.
A thesis submitted to the Department of Building Technology, College of Art and Built Environment in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Science, 2016
Unskilled labour, Construction sites, Productivity, Productivity improvement