Determinants of modern contraceptive use among migrant female head porters in Asokore-Mampong Municipality.

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Contraception is one of the four important proximate determinant factors of fertility identified by Bongaarts (1978). The role of contraceptive use in population reduction and reproductive health cannot be overemphasized. Over the years, Ghana has been promoting the use of contraceptives for more than thirty-five years, yet there has not been an appreciable and consistent increase in contraceptive use as compared to the efforts made (GSS, 2008). The extent of meeting the needs of vulnerable groups such as female head porters hasnot been extensively studied. The research therefore examined the determinants of modern contraceptive use among migrant female head porters in Asokore-Mampong Municipality. The aim of the study was to find out the knowledge, level of utilizationand socio-cultural factors that influence the use of modern contraceptives among the migrant female head porters. A case study design which is a qualitative approach was used. Twenty-four migrant female head porters between the ages of eighteen (18) years and thirty-five (35) years were interviewed and it was found that majority of the migrant female head porters knew at least three types of contraceptives which include the pill,the injectable and the implants but thisdoes not translate into use due to fear of side effects, myths about contraceptives, husband disapproval, social stigma, traditional values and religious beliefs. Therefore, there is the need for health care providers to educatethe public intensively about the side effects of family planning to erase these misconceptions and ensure increase in the use of contraceptives to help female head porters to live healthy and plan their families.
A thesis submitted to the Department of Sociology and Social work. College of Humanities and Social Sciences. Faculty of Social Sciences, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi in partial fulfilment of the requirement for the degree of Master of Philosophy in Sociology,