Fishing Port Design, Elmina

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Since the creation of man, the quest for survival has led him to explore many ways of finding food. He hunted for animals if he found himself in the forest and fished if he was at a riverside lake or lagoon side or at the coast, by the sea. Fishing became a very important means of finding food. In ancient times, some of the tools used for fishing included fishing hooks tied to the stems of the vine plant. In the second (2nd) and third (3rd) centuries (AD), the Roman rhetorician, Claudius Aelian wrote about Macedonian trout anglers who used artificial flies to catch fish. Over the years, civilization has enabled man to find many improved ways of fishing from the use of fishing hooks and rods to seine nets, canoes, boats, trawlers and ships. The growing population of the human race has made it expedient for fishing to be commercialized so as to satisfy the growing numbers. The commercialization of fishing has called for facilities on land where the catch will be loaded off and sorted out before it could be sold off quickly since fish tend to go bad easily especially in hot humid environments. In Africa, most commercial fishing is done on the coast because it has been found to be a « cheaper and easier way of fishing as compared to inland fish farming. Consequently, most fishing ports in Ghana, for instance, are found on the coast. » From this study, one could deduce that the fishing ports in Ghana have to be put in a proper shape in order to meet the growing demand for seafood. It has therefore become imperative to make recommendations for the upgrading of one existing fish market. The Elmina, (Edina) fishing port has therefore been selected to help solve the problem of inadequate seafood for the people.
This thesis report is presented to the Department of Architecture as partial fulfilment of the requirement of post- graduate diploma degree in Architecture.