Stakeholder involvement in Construction of Building Projects as a solution to Project Failure. A case study of abandoned building projects in Ghana.

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November, 2019
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Abandoned projects have become an issue of major concern to all stakeholders in Ghana. Millions of resources are wasted in construction projects only for the projects to be abandoned for one reason or the other. In the mist of the above, stakeholder involvement in the project delivery has been hailed by many as a step to reduce some uncertainties/risks in construction projects and ensure successful completion of those projects. The current study sought to assess stakeholder’s involvement in building construction projects as a solution to project failure in Ghana using a case study of four abandoned building projects in the Ashanti Region of Ghana. Using a case study research design and qualitative research strategy interviews were held with the client, consultants and contractors who were involved in delivery of projects. The data collected was analyzed using content and thematic analysis. The results revealed that, in most cases the project were planned and executed by the client and the contractor without the involvement of majority of the stakeholders. The major causes of failure of the projects included: lack of involvement of some of the major stakeholders in the decision making, political interference, poor communication among the project parties, unrealistic project appraisal (cost and time), inadequate funds to complete the projects and corruption. It was also found from the results of the study that most of the stakeholders were not involved in the decision making at the planning and execution stage. The contractor selection was done by the client. Moreover , political interference played a major role in the selection of the contractor. As a results of the lack of involvement of majority of the stakeholders in the project delivery, the following were some of the resulting effects or consequences: setting of unrealistic project targets, delays in project execution, frequent variations leading to cost overruns, inflation of project cost, poor planning and poor supervision.
A thesis submitted to the Department of Construction Technology and Management, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi in partial fulfillment of the requirements of the awarded degree of Master of Science in Project Management,
Stakeholder, Resources, Cost, Time, Contractor, Client