Exploring the awareness and opportunities for the implementation of green procurement in new municipalities in Kumasi

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Though sustainable procurement incorporates more than considerations of the environment, environmental or green procurement deals specifically with any issue connected solely to their impacts to the environment. However, in Ghana there are no specific principles or guidelines for sustainable procurement of goods and services, not to talk of green procurement. Based on this was this study conducted to explore the awareness and opportunities for the implementation of Green Procurement in the new municipalities in Kumasi. To attain this goal, four (4) objectives were realized: to find the level of awareness of green procurement practices, to identify the benefits of implementing green procurement, to identify the challenges in the implementation of green procurement and to suggest ways to mitigate the challenges faced in the implementation of green procurement in the new municipalities in Kumasi. The study made use of physical, scientific and social science tools. In order to explore the awareness and opportunities of Green Procurement, structured questionnaires were distributed, targeting the procurement offices, particularly the procurement officers at post in the new municipalities carved out of Kumasi Metropolitan Assembly namely: Oforikrom, Asokwa, Suame, Tafo and Kwadaso Municipal Assembly in Kumasi. Since the target population of the procurement officers was ten (10), the sampling technique of census was employed and as such every procurement staff was handed a questionnaire of which 9 were received and analysed using descriptive statistical tools like Mean and Relative Important Index (RII). Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) was used for the analysis of the data collected. From the research survey, it was revealed that the municipal assemblies had no awareness when it comes to green procurement and its practices, even though sustainable procurement has been captured in the Amendment Act 914, but there is no exact law governing environmental procurement practices. As such, the municipal assemblies have little or no knowledge about green procurement and its practices, making the procurement process devoid of practices that are environmentally friendly. Green Procurement has ranges of benefits like reducing environmental impacts, financial savings, demonstrates public sector’s commitment to environmental protection and to sustainable consumption and production, raises awareness of environmental issues and sets example to private consumers with its purchases. For the municipal assemblies to tap into these ranges of advantages, there is first the need for a green procurement law to be enacted and aid the government’s goal to protect the environment through its purchasing.
A thesis submitted to the Department of Construction Technology and Management, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the Award Degree of Master of Science in Procurement Management.
Sustainable Procurement, Green Procurement,, Municipal Assemblie