Assessing the factors influencing the sustainability of community-based projects in Ghana. A case of water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) project

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The sustainability of a project is pointed out by its continuous operation and maintenance of the system. Sustainability of projects is usually constrained by the inadequacy of financial resources that are needed to implement the same. The present study assessed the Factors Influencing the sustainability of community-based projects in Ghana focusing on Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) Project. The issues the study focused on are sustainability parameters, factors that influence the choice of sustainability parameters and challenges of sustenance. The study used one hundred and fifty (150) respondents. The instrument for the data collection was developed by the researcher, preceded by a pilot study. The pilot study was initially conducted in a similar project community to ascertain its validity and the reliability. With regard to Cronbach Alpha, the pilot study passed the threshold of 70%. The data for the study was basically from primary source in that, closedended questionnaire was designed and distributed to respondents. The data generated was analyzed using the mean score ranking. Descriptive statistics was used to test the data. The study concluded that sustainability parameters are recognized on the project, therefore achieving its set objectives and already providing some tangible benefits to community members. In addition, the study recorded that the project has influential factors of sustainability parameters. More so, the study finds that planning and coordination is the most significant sustainability challenge of the Project. The study recommended that project implementers should use their project management skills to solve practical challenges to enhance the benefits to communities.
A thesis submitted to the Department of Construction Technology and Management, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the Award Degree of Master of Science in Project Management.
Factors influencing, Sustainability, Dommunity-based projects, Water, Sanitation, Hygiene