The State Of Visual Art Programme In Selected Senior High Schools In The Northern Region Of Ghana

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In spite of the monumental benefits associated with the study of Visual Art education and the availability of natural resources in the region to enhance its study, there are low numbers of Senior High schools offering Visual Art programme in SHSs in the Northern Region of Ghana likewise the number of students offering the programme. The study investigated the State of Visual Art Programme in selected Senior High Schools in the Northern Region of Ghana and guided by the following research objectives: to determine the nature of Visual Art programme in selected Senior High Schools in Northern Region of Ghana; to analyse why SHSs in Northern Region are not utilizing its resources for the development of quality Visual Art programme; to analyse and discuss the challenges facing the teaching and learning of Visual Art in selected SHSs in Northern Region and to provide useful suggestions and propose recommendations for improving the effectiveness of the Visual Art programme in the Northern Region. A combination of quantitative and qualitative research design approaches were used. An interview guide, key informants and field trips were employed as data collection instruments from 194 respondents which comprised 40% female and 60% male students. The study established that: Visual Art studios are not adequately equipped and the few available art studios are not properly equipped to enhance their practical knowledge and skills with a mean value of (2.56, SD =1.45). To address this, Government of Ghana and Non-Governmental Organizations should help provide proper funding to cater for the funding gap so as to equip Visual Art studios and make it attractive for other schools and students to offer Visual Art at the SHSs level. The study revealed that, available resources in the area of study are: leather, clay, straw, cane, wood and weaving thread but adduced lack of capacity to transform the natural resources into useful form impede their ability to tap into the available resources to run Visual Art programme. It can be concluded from the above that teachers and students offering Visual Art capacities building should be enhanced by the government to enable them transform the natural resources into useful finished products so as to run Visual Art programme and also attract other students to offer Visual Art.
A Thesis submitted to the school of Graduate Studies, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF PHILOSOPHY