The drop out of the girl-child in Ghanaian schools: a case study of Techiman District

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The research discusses the causes of drop out of the girl-child in Ghanaian schools. The main focus of the work is the causes of the drop out rather than the girl-child’s education in general. Girls are a potential labour force and their capabilities need to be developed. This is because they are partners in national development. Therefore, it has been necessary to investigate the patterns of enrolment, examine the drop out rate and explore avenues for intervention regarding the girl-child’s education in public schools. Data on the causes of the dropout was collected from ten schools in Techiman District. Key informant interviews were conducted for stakeholders in the district. Questionnaires were also administered to other stakeholders like teachers and parents. Focus group discussions were held with education officers and dropouts. Lastly data was analysed. The findings indicate that the girl-child usually fall victim to circumstances and is also faced with a lot of biases against her education by some parents and teachers. Among the major causes of the drop out problem is poverty in both the rural and urban areas. It is assumed that once the issues underlining the drop out are addressed the girl-child could make significant contribution to national development. Finally the research suggests short and long-term interventions that would address these issues for the purpose of National Development. The short and long term interventions include the organisation of gender sensitive courses for teachers and improving their condition of service respectively.
A thesis submitted to the Board of Postgraduate Studies, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, in partial fulfilment of the requirement for the award of Master of Science Degree in Development Policy and Planning, 2000