National Legislative Framework for Development Planning in Ghana

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The government in Ghana has never been successful in attempts to introduce integrated development planning. This has been exacebated lack of planning legislation that emphasizes an integrated planning process. Community participation in decision- making has never been encouraged nor made mandatory in the plan- making. As a result of lack of community participation the national policies have never been tested at the local level for their relevance, practicability and acceptance. There has also been lack of political-technical interaction at all levels of decision-making. The study is therefore focused on the identification of principles of planning upon which legislation should be prepared as a result of government policies, and the analysis of public acceptance and practicability of implementing government proposed legislation. The study was conducted by using an interview schedule to a selected sample of opinion leaders in Kwahu District and Accra. The main findings were the following: 1. Past: legislations on planning failed to meet the principles of planning that are necessary for decentralized development decision-making. 2. The proposed legislation meets the principles of planning. 3. The principles upon which the legislation is based is basically accepted by the public officials and the communities. 4. Community participation is already being introduced though limited to labour and financial contribution to development. The conclusion that can be drawn is that the government policy on development and decentralization and proposed legislation is accepted by the public and the transfer of power to the District Assemblies should be done gradually.
A thesis submitted to the Board of Postgraduate Studies, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the award of the Degree of Master of Science in Development Planning and Management, 1988