Effect of Leadership Behaviours on Employee Performance in Guinness Ghana Breweries Limited

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The study was aimed to investigate the effect of leadership behaviours on employee performance. Specifically, the study identified the leadership behaviours exhibited by managers in Guinness Ghana Breweries Limited (GGBL) in enhancing employee performance and specific behaviours that affected the performance of the employees. The study was conducted considering the effect of three major leadership behaviours, namely, job-centred style, people-centred style and democratic style on the performance of employees. The data for this study was obtained by administering questionnaire to personnel in GGBL. The data received from the respondents was analyzed with the help of statistical software program SPSS_17. To test for the hypothesis, Pearson Coefficient correlation analysis was conducted to examine whether the hypothesis was accepted or rejected. It was observed that strong correlation existed between a job-centred leadership behaviour exhibited by leaders in Guinness Ghana Breweries Limited and employee performance. The job-centred leadership behaviour had significant positive effective on performance and hence productivity. It meant that the managers were very particular about getting results and only motivated employees to give their best in order to increase productivity. People-centred and democratic behaviours were very insignificant and a few negative correlations suggested a decrease in performance by employees, probably due to management acting with strict internal rules to achieve results. It was recommended to have a balanced leadership style to equally reflect much interest in people to enhance employee performance for a competitive advantage.
A Thesis submitted to the Institute of Distance Learning, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Commonwealth Executive Masters in Public Administration,