Assessment of the Prospects and Challenges of Procurement Reforms in Ghana: The Case of Volta River Authority

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Public Procurement Reforms defines rules and regulations which guide, direct, and monitor public procurement. It is believed that the enactment of public procurement law has helped to deal with several problems of public procurement in Ghana. However, despite the laudable aims and objectives of the reform in principle, it appears the implementation of the procurement law is beset with challenges. The study is to assess the prospects and challenges of public procurement in Ghana with a focus on the Volta River Authority (VRA). A case study approach was employed for the study. The main instruments used were interview and questionnaires to explore the opinions of the Entity Tender Committee, Supplies Staff and some registered suppliers of VRA. The finding indicated that the Public Procurement Act, Act 663, exists and stakeholders are very familiar with the Act based on the fact that seminars and workshops and on-the-job training programmes, are organized for stakeholders on procurement reforms but not as frequently as they expected. In addition, Public Procurement Reforms has provided a uniform and structured framework for procurement in the Public Sector. However, some of the challenges included too much bureaucracy and burdensome procedures as well as very low thresholds. The study recommended the Public Procurement Law should be reviewed. The Public Procurement Authority should reconsider the various challenges faced by the enforcement of the Law and make recommendations for amendment by the legislature. The study also recommends the establishment of Institute of Public Procurement to be responsible for education, training and certification of procurement professionals in Ghana.
A thesis submitted to the Institute Of Distance Learning, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of COMMONWEALTH EXECUTIVE MASTERS OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION