An evaluation of the importance that Institutions attach to supplier selection criteria in Public Procurement practices in Ghana

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Selecting and evaluating the right suppliers is important for organizations’ global marketplace competitiveness. The need to improve organisational efficiency, reduce waste, overcome supply chain risk, and achieve competitive position has made companies to start considering appropriate factors for supplier selection and evaluation. To this extent, environmental and sustainability management is playing an increasingly important role in business supply chain management in a dynamic global business environment. Consequently in today’s competitive business environment the choice of the best supplier have become a major strategic issue that needs scientific, rational and efficient evaluation criteria. The need for comprehensive criteria and methods that conform to environmental and sustainable concern prompted this study. The study used structured questionnaire to ascertain the importance that public institutions attach to supplier evaluation criteria. The data was analysed using descriptive statistics and scale ranking. The findings revealed that many public institutions rate delivery (4.48), quality (4.48) price (4.27), and warranties claims (4.09) criteria high and important for supplier selection and evaluation relative to the other sustainable criteria for example reusable and recyclable materials which were rated 1.94 and 1.85 respectively. This suggests that the use of these modern business criteria is not yet fully integrated into Ghanaian business practices. This study offers recommendations to public procuring entities and the PPA to review procurement practices to include modern business criteria of environmental and sustainability concerns.
A thesis submitted to the Department of Building Technology, College of Architecture and Planning in partial fulfilment of the requirement for the award of Master of Science (Msc) in Procurement Management,June 2014