Assessment of pictorial materials in Ghanaian pre-school education (a case study in Kumasi metropolis)

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This project, Assessment of Pictorial Materials in Ghanaian Pre-School Education, (A Case Study in Kumasi Metropolis), identifies and describes the Pictorial Materials in selected Pre-Schools/ Institutions in the Kumasi Metropolis. It also assesses the suitability of the materials for Pre-School Education. An Illustrated Report on the study is presented for further research and improvement of the Pre-School Education in Ghana. It was observed that many Pictorial Materials in use in some Ghanaian Pre-Schools are not suitable for that level. They look poorly illustrated, full of abstract or adult ideas, un-sequential or the illustrations are painted with dull colours. Some of them are too small for children sitting far from them to see, full of spelling and/or grammatical errors, labeled with inappropriate letters of the Alphabet. The rest are combination of any of the above. Both qualitative and quantitative research methods were used; for qualitative the Pictorial Materials were described by the use of words. The relationship of each described item and the position of the children were shown. For quantitative, questionnaire and observation guide were used to collect data. These data were described by the use of figures, tables and charts. The recommendations and suggestions offer ways of meeting the challenges and difficulties in Pre-School Education section of the Ghana Education service. It is recommended that the Government of Ghana considers the following points. Three-dimensional objects should be made available at cheaper prices for the Pre-Schools to access. Simple materials such as crayons, pencils, paper, cards and erasers should be subsidized to make them accessible for all users. In-service training should be organized frequently for the Pre-School teachers to enable them update their knowledge and skills. Potential illustrators should be identified and trained so that they can provide appropriate services to the education sector. In conclusion, it is hoped that the provision of training and in-service training to artists and teachers would go a long way in providing Pre-Schools with good Pictorial Materials. It is certain that such a move can give them a firm foundation in Art—the foundation for nation building.
A Thesis submitted to the School of Graduate Studies, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Master of Arts in Art Education.