Health Hazards of Casual Workers in the Building Construction Industry in Ghana: A Case Study of the Accra Metropolis

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The purpose of the study was to assess the health hazards of casual workers in the Building construction industry in the Accra Metropolis of Ghana. The study sought to provide the casual workers level of awareness on health hazards at construction sites, further identifying the causes of health hazards at construction sites and suggest strategies to put in places curb health hazards at construction sites.The research design adopted in the study was descriptive survey research. The sample size of 120 respondents was selected for the study by using purposive and convenience sampling techniques. Also, a questionnaire was used to collect data on respondents’ views on health hazards on construction sites and their views were analyzed in mean scores, standard deviation, frequency tables and percentages. The findings of the study showed majority of the respondents asserted they had never received training regarding health hazards on construction sites. Again, the results revealed that majority of the respondents agreed management’s poor safety measures were the major causes of health hazards at the construction site. The study revealed majority of the respondents of the view working at heights as one of the most prominent types of health hazards identified amongst Building construction sites.It is recommended that government would adequately resource regulatory institutions to ensure frequent monitoring and inspection at construction sites.
A Thesis Submitted to the Department of Building Technology, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of a degree of Master of Science in Construction Management, 2014