Exploring the nature of bargaining in some selected Private Senior High Schools in the Ashanti Region

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Strike actions have become rampant in the labor front of Ghana these days. The employee feels been cheated by the employer. Bargaining is a formal discussion between people who are trying to reach an agreement. It is a dialogue between the employer and the employee to come to an agreement and avoid conflicts in the work place. Collective bargaining has proven to be the most effective tool for conflict resolution and decision making in an organization. This thesis investigated bargaining processes in organizations. This study attempted to use private senior high school as a case study to analyze how employees and employers in the private sector resolve conflict and disagreement in the Ashanti region. In setting the theoretical background of the study, literature on bargaining was explored. The study adopted both quantitative and qualitative method of enquiry. This involves the use of questionnaire and interview survey to collect data from staff and management. The questionnaire was analyzed using Statistical package for social science (SPSS) and the interview was analyzed using content analyses method. Some of the findings were that individuals do bargain in the private senior high schools instead of a group or unions and also there are no clear processes that guide bargainers to bargain. The researcher recommends the formation of unions and instituting clear process to follow during bargaining. Summary of findings, conclusion and recommendations of the study are discussed. Bargaining helps in resolving conflicts and brings about cordiality and establishes a relationship that binds employers and employees together to live in peace and harmony in the organization.
Thesis submitted to the School of Business, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of a Master of Business Administration (Human Resource Management Option), 2014