Promoting micro and small scale industries for local development in Ghana the case of East Mamprusi District

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The promotion of Micro and Small Scale Industries (MSSIs) development for local development in Ghana has always been a major policy instrument of the government. The reason behind this policy is the shift in policy emphasis away from direct state participation in the ownership of enterprises to private sector initiative in economic development. Also, the restructuring of development administration in which the District Assemblies have now become responsible for promoting the development of their localities is another reason. The study consequently seeks to identify institutions promoting micro and small-scale industries in the East Mamprusi District and assess the performance of the support institutions and the constraints faced by the support institutions in the delivery of their services in the district. Within the context of this study, the focus is on small-scale industries engaged in bakery, pito brewing, batik tie and dye, weaving, blacksmithing, soap making, shea butter and groundnut oil extraction. In order to investigate the problem a conceptual and theoretical framework of the study was designed. These guided the design of data collection instruments to suit the research. The study combined survey and case study methods of data collection and analysis. Questionnaires were particularly, administered to entrepreneurs in the survey for collection of data on the socio-economic background of entrepreneurs, their enterprises and environment as objects of the study. An institutional based survey was also conducted among managers of institutions that had to do with micro and small-scale enterprise promotion with the help of interview guides. For the case study methods, group interviews and seasonal calendars were conducted with enterprise associations’ leaders and market queens. The study revealed among other things that sole proprietorship dominates the ownership pattern of micro and small scale industrial sector. In the East Mamprusi District the MSSIs sector of the economy is dominated by females. The enterprises are managed by proprietors with very low educational level and with their own funds being the major source of capital for the businesses.
A thesis submitted to the Department of Planning, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Science( Development Planning and Management)