Identification of unethical procurement practices of public entities in the Ho Municipality of Ghana

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This study sought to identify unethical procurement practices of public entities in the Ho municipality of Ghana. The study researched to know the extent to which the unethical procurement practices affect the municipality and what can be done to alleviate the effect of the unethical practices on the municipality. Ho Municipality was the focus of the study due to varied number of procurement activities being carried out in the municipality as well as proximity and accessibility of data to the study. Purposive sampling technique was used to select samples for the study. A Questionnaire was used as the main research instrument in collecting data. Descriptive analysis was employed to analyse data gathered from the field with the aid of computer analysis software tools such as Microsoft excel and Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS). The research shown that activities that promoted good procurement practices such as keeping records of procurement activities, adopting the right tendering procedures and amicably resolving disputes and appeal cases, were adhered to by all entities. However, unethical behaviors such collision and fraud were identified. It also came to view that most procurement officials needed training and there were political interferences with the activities of the procurement officials. The study recommends that regular training should be given to all public officers involved in procurement, appropriate sanctions should be given to public officials who engage in unethical behaviors and appropriate measures should be established to check political interferences with procurement activities. Moreover, the study concludes that procurement practices in the municipality followed the legal Framework of PPA. However, Tender Boards and Review Boards should always ensure that sound procurement processes are always followed in the municipality.
A thesis submitted to the Department of Building Technology, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the Degree of Master of Science in Procurement Management, 2015